O pojmowaniu „rozwiązłości” w czasach przedchrześcijańskich: zjawisko prostytucji sakralnej


The article presents the phenomenon of sacred prostitution which was characteristic of many ancient cultures and religions throughout the world. It shows a few of the most important issues connected with the sacred prostitution (also called religious or ritual): its origins (the cult of deities of love and fertility, typical of the pre-Christian cultures); its forms (one-time prostitution as an act of sacrificing one’s virginity or one-time sacrifice of a woman who was no longer a virgin, and constant prostitution practiced by priestesses or temple prostitutes); its main purposes (unification with deity, making a tribute to deity, pledge of the fertility of men, earth and animals by re-enactment of archetypical act of hieros gamos, the divine marriage). The article also analyses the religious anatomy of the phenomenon, basing on the thesis of Mircea Eliade; shows examples of sacred prostitution, taken mainly from The Golden Bough,
the canonic work of Sir James George Frazer, and F.S. Pierre Dufour’s History of Prostitution; discusses the taboo of women’s blood on the basis of Jean-Paul Roux’s works; mentions the historical change in the meaning of the word “virgin” applying to Edward Whitmont’s statements; brings up controversies over the judgment of sacred prostitution as a historical phenomenon, referring to Edward Whitmont’s and Georg Baudler’s standpoints.

Słowa kluczowe

sacred prostitution; religious prostitution; ritual prostitution; sacred prostitutes; holy harlots


Opublikowane : 2020-11-20

Krysztofiak, M. (2020). O pojmowaniu „rozwiązłości” w czasach przedchrześcijańskich: zjawisko prostytucji sakralnej. Studia Et Documenta Slavica, 10(4), 57-69. https://doi.org/10.25167/SetDS/2019/4/5

Maria Krysztofiak  krysztofiak.mk@gmail.com
Wydział Filologiczny, Uniwersytet Wrocławski, Instytut Filologii Polskiej  Polska

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