Matthew the Poor: Towards Modern Birth Control Methods in the Coptic Orthodox Church


Abstrakt

The paper is focused on the Matta el-Meskeen (Matthew the Poor) and his reflection of selected bioethical issue: birth control. The paper deals with the forming stages of the bioethical discussions within the Coptic Orthodox Church in Egypt. The research is based on Matthew the Poor´s articles and books. The first part presents his teachings about theosis as an key concept of his theology in general and bioethics in particular. The second part brings analysis of his birth control reflections and presents his observations about the role of the Church and the state in the decision making process of Christian believers.


(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 1952) El-Ab Matta el-Miskin. Hayat el-salat el-urthuduxiya. Wadi el-Natrun: Deir el-Surian 1952.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 1974) El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen. Ayda el-sawud wa el-ansara. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar, 1974.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 1982) El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen. Ray fi tahdid el-nasl. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar, 1982.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 1990) El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen. Kaif takra el-kitab el-mukadas. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar, 1990.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 1990) El-Ab Matta el-Miskin. Hayat el-salat el-urthuduxiya. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar, 1990.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 2000) El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen. Fan el-hayat el-nagiha. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar 2000.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen 2009) El-Ab Matta el-Meskeen. El-kanisat wa ´l-dawlatu. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar 2009.

(El-Ab Matta el-Meskeenn 1982a) El-Ab Matta el-Miskin. El-maraat huququha wa wagibatuha fi el-hayat el-aigtimaayat wa el-diniyat fi el-kanisat el-awla. Wadi el-Natrun: Mutbaat deir el-qidis anba Maqar, 1982.

(Athanase d'Alexandrie 1973) Athanase d'Alexandrie. Sur L' Incarnation Du Verbe. Paris : Cerf, 1973.

(Dar maglat Markos 2006) Dar maglat Markos. Qaimat el-matbooat wa tasgilat el-sawtiyat el-azat el-ab Matta el-miskin. Wadi el-Natarun: Mutbaat dayr el-qidis anba Maqar, 2006.

(Dotti 2017) Dotti, Guido. (ed.) Matta el Meskin: un padre del deserto contemporaneo. Magnano: Edizioni Qiqajon - Comunità di Bose, 2017.

(Erminio 1978) Erminio, Lora. (ed.) Enchiridion Vaticanum. Vol. 4: Documenti ufficiali della Santa Sede (1971–1973). EDB, 1978.

(Father Matta el-Maeskeen 1981) Father Matta el-Maeskeen. A Viewpoint on Birth Control. Monastery of St. Macarius, 1981.

(Father Matta el-Maeskeen 2009a) Father Matta el-Maeskeen. Church and State: Sectarianism and Fanatism. Scetis: Monastery of St. Macarius, 2009.

(Author 2018a) Author. Title. Place: Publishing house, 2018.

(Author 2018b) Author. Title, in Journa, 1/2018: 5–18.

(Grillmeier 1975) Grillmeier, Aloys. Christ in Christian Tradition: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon (451). Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 1975.

(Grillmeier 1986) Grillmeier, Aloys. Christ in Christian Tradition: From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590-604): Part One: Reception and contradiction. The development of the discussion about Chalcedon from 451 to the beginning of reign of Justinian, Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. 1986.

(Hulsman 2017) Hulsman, Cornelis. The 2014 Egyptian Constitution: Perspectives from Egypt. Baden-Baden, Tectum, 2017.

(Magdi 2011) Girgis, Magdi. The popes of Egypt vol. 3 : The Emergence of the Modern Coptic Papacy : the Egyptian Church and its Leadership from the Ottoman Period to the Present. Cairo, American University in Cairo Press, 2011.

(Matta el-Maskîne 1998) Matta el-Maskîne. La Nouvelle Création De L'homme. Abbaye De Bellefontaine : Godewaersvelde, 1998.

(Matthew the Poor 2003) Matthew the Poor. Orthodox Prayer Life: The Interior Way. Crestwood. N.Y.: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2003.

(Mutbaat 2004) Mutbaat dayr el-qidis anba Maqar. Qaimat bikitabat el-ab Matta el-Miskin (1952–2004). Wadi el-Natarun: Mutbaat dayr el-qidis anba Maqar, 2004.


Opublikowane : 2020-02-27


Franc, J. (2020). Matthew the Poor: Towards Modern Birth Control Methods in the Coptic Orthodox Church. Family Forum, 9, 173-190. https://doi.org/10.25167/FF/1090

Jaroslav Franc  jaroslav.franc@upol.cz
Palacky University Olomouc  Czechia


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