War and politics. The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and refugee crisis on the eastern EU border from the perspective of border studies


Abstract

Since February 24, 2022, we have been witnessing the next stage of what began in the 2014 Russo-Ukrainian War: a full-scale military invasion of Ukraine. For the first time in the history of the European Union, the intensive armed conflict is now approaching the border of the EU and Schengen Zone. The consequences of war: the refugee crisis, humanitarian aid, and economic problems have affected EU countries both immediately and directly. While keeping in mind the human tragedy and the tragedy of Ukraine, we would like to address a few important questions from the perspective of regional and border scholars. From this perspective, the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine is another stage of the new political order in Europe, preceded by the war in Ukraine that started in 2014, the 2015 migration crisis, 2021 Belarus-EU border crisis, which altogether – from the perspective of the border studies – could be described as re-bordering and securitization of borderlands.

In this joint editorial, we address four main questions. Firstly, how we can interpret the Russian invasion in the wider, historical context, taking the frontier thesis as an explanatory category developed by Turner (1994). Secondly, the Ukrainian refugee crisis, in the context of the previous Belarusian-EU border crisis, is a multi-layered issue, where religion, gender, geopolitics, and rationales meet. Thirdly, apart from the military and political actions, war and refugee flux could be seen from the perspective of a grassroots movement of aid. Fourthly, the war in Ukraine brings uncertainty and questions about democracy and peace in Western Europe.


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Published : 2022-04-25


Opioła, W., Czepil, B., Dębicki, M., Ganowicz, E., Kajta, J., Kovály, K., Moll, Łukasz, Niedźwiecka-Iwańczak, N., Opiłowska, E., & Pidgrushniy, G. (2022). War and politics. The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and refugee crisis on the eastern EU border from the perspective of border studies. Border and Regional Studies, 10(1), 7-22. https://doi.org/10.25167/brs4791

Wojciech Opioła  wopiola@uni.opole.pl
University of Opole, Institute of Political Science and Public Administration  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2473-3375
Bartosz Czepil 
University of Opole, Institute of Political Science and Public Administration  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4907-795X
Marcin Dębicki 
University of Wrocław  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6510-0614
Ewa Ganowicz 
University of Opole, Institute of Political Science and Public Administration  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6558-5976
Justyna Kajta 
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2428-8876
Katalin Kovály 
Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences in Budapest, Geographical Institute  Hungary
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8554-6816
Łukasz Moll 
University of Wrocław  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2251-9351
Natalia Niedźwiecka-Iwańczak 
University of Wrocław  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7894-3274
Elżbieta Opiłowska 
University of Wrocław  Poland
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7084-2631
Grigorii Pidgrushniy 
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Geography  Ukraine


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